What are the different types of cards? (2023)

What are the different types of cards? (1)
  • Street maps, political maps, and cadastral maps are a few different types of maps.
  • Shallow water is usually represented by a deeper blue color, while deeper water is represented by a lighter blue on charts.
  • Maps have been used for centuries.

A map is a symbolic representation of a real-world object or area on a flat surface. Maps are useful because they illustrate specific and detailed features of a given area, region, or object. They represent features such as borders, topography, physical features, climate, and even economic activity. There are different types of maps including dimensional, static, dynamic and interactive maps. Maps have been used since ancient times when they may have been created and used as necessary tools for identification and navigation. Maps became more accurate and factual in the 17th-19th centuries as several countries instituted national mapping programs. The widespread use of aerial photography during World War I greatly contributed to the mapping process. Some of the different types of cards are described below.

topographic map

What are the different types of cards? (2)

A topographic map is a type of map that uses contour lines and various other methods to show large-scale detail and quantitative information about the relief. The map shows natural and man-made topographical features. A topographic map is based on a topographic survey conducted on a large scale, showing various elevations and landforms. Topographic maps have a number of uses, including geographic planning, civil engineering, large-scale architecture, and recreation such as hiking. Map features are usually represented by conventional signs and symbols. For example, different colors can be used to indicate the different classifications of roads. The signs are usually explained just below the map or in the margin. In addition to contour lines, topographic maps also show forest areas, bodies of water and buildings.

geological map

What are the different types of cards? (3)

A geological map is a map used to show geological features such as geological strata and rock units. The location of these features below ground is indicated by symbols or colors. Other features such as fault lines, foliations, and folds are indicated with stroke and dip symbols, giving them a three-dimensional orientation. There are two main types of orientation measurements: the orientation of the measured planes as "dip" and "bump" and the orientation of the measured lines as "trend" and "dip". Trend and dip are symbolized by single arrows and used for linear features, while strike and dip are symbolized by a long loxodrome line perpendicular to the dip direction. In the United States, geological maps are overlaid with topographic maps with additional color masks containing letters to represent a geological entity. In the UK, the term "geological map" is used instead of "geological map".

political map

What are the different types of cards? (4)

World maps are generally political or physical. A political map is a map that shows the political features of an area, country, or region. It shows the various borders or territorial boundaries of a region or country, the location of larger areas or cities, and significant land masses, such as B. Bodies of water. There are different sizes of political maps. Some of these maps cover an entire continent, region, or state or country. One of the main features of a political map are the geographic boundaries. The borders between countries, cities or states are marked by lines. Political maps help to understand the geography of the world and are usually the first maps that students are introduced to in school. This type of map is also known as a "reference map" and is printed on a physical medium or on paper. It can also be created in digital form for use on the web.

physical map

What are the different types of cards? (5)

As the name suggests, physical maps are maps designed to show features of the earth's physical or natural landscape. The maps are best known for depicting various geographic features such as soil type, mountains, and land use, including infrastructure developments such as roads and buildings. Physical maps are some of the most colorful maps, using a different color to indicate different physical characteristics. Most maps use a green to brown to gray color scheme to show elevation. A dark green color is used to indicate elevations near sea level and brown for higher elevations. Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers and oceans are often identified by a blue color (light blue for shallow areas and dark blue for deeper water). Ice and glaciers are shown in white. Cultural information is not the focus of physical maps, but can be included in the map as a geographic reference.

road map

What are the different types of cards? (6)

Highway maps, also known as route maps, show highways and other transportation links. They are navigation maps that also contain political borders and are therefore part of political maps. In addition to streets and borders, street maps also show specific points of interest, such as landmarks, prominent buildings, recreational facilities such as parks and restaurants, train stations and airports. Maps come in different sizes, shapes and scales. Small maps are used to show an overview of important roads or routes in a region, while large maps provide more detail and cover a large area. Road maps provide an overview of the main routes within a region. Street maps primarily cover areas within a city or metropolitan area. A road atlas is a collection of road maps compiled in a book. Highway maps often use thin lines to show minor roads and thicker or bolder colors to show major roads.

cadastral map

What are the different types of cards? (7)

A cadastral map is a map showing a country's real estate holdings. It includes the location, area, ownership, value and ownership of an individual property. According to the International Federation of Surveyors, a cadastre is an up-to-date land information system that contains records of land interests such as restrictions, rights, and responsibilities. It contains the geometric description of the property and is used in conjunction with other records describing the nature of the interest, control of the interest and the value of the property. Some cards also show additional information, such as B. Parcel identification number, survey district name, title certificate number, adjacent street names, and location of existing structures.

point distribution map

What are the different types of cards? (8)

As the name suggests, a point distribution map is a type of map that uses point symbols to indicate the presence of features and relies on visual scattering to indicate spatial patterns. There are two main types of point distribution maps; one to one and one to many. In a one-to-one point map, each of the points shows a single record of a feature. In a one-to-many point map, a point on the map shows more than one mapped feature, but the distribution of the points does not show their actual location because they are randomly placed on the map. Point distribution maps are useful when you are mapping features that change seamlessly in space. However, the random location of the dots can render the card ineffective in delivering your messages.

thematic map

What are the different types of cards? (9)

A thematic map is a map designed to highlight a theme related to a specific geographic area. Unlike a general reference map that shows various phenomena (geographical, political and geological), the thematic map focuses on a specific subject area and uses basic data only as a reference point for the mapped feature. Thematic maps also emphasize the spatial variation of a number of geographic distributions, such as climate, population density, and health. The map has three main purposes: to provide information about a specific piece of information, to provide general information about the spatial pattern, and to compare patterns on different maps.


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